Dayton had the third-greatest percentage loss of population in the state since the 1980s, behind only Cleveland and Youngstown.Downtown expansion that began in the 2000s has helped revitalize the city and encourage growth.
In 1995, the Dayton Agreement, a peace accord between the parties to the hostilities of the conflict in Bosnia-Herzegovina and the former Yugoslavia, was negotiated at Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, near Fairborn, Ohio, from November 1 – 21.
Many hospitals in the Dayton area are consistently ranked by Forbes, U. News & World Report, and Health Grades for clinical excellence.
Dayton is also noted for its association with aviation; the city is home to the National Museum of the United States Air Force and is the birthplace of Orville Wright.
In 2010, the Downtown Dayton Partnership, in cooperation with the City of Dayton and community leaders, introduced the Greater Downtown Dayton Plan.
It focuses on job creation and retention, infrastructure improvements, housing, recreation, and collaboration.
Several locations around the city hosted the Dayton Project, a branch of the larger Manhattan Project, to develop polonium triggers used in early atomic bombs.